The beautiful land of the New World amazed the European explorers who arrived on North American shores around 1500. They realized the economic possibilities of the fertile soil and many natural resources. In the 17th century, Europeans established successful permanent settlements in what is now the United How To Move To France With No Money. The European settlers soon dominated the Native American civilizations, which had existed for thousands of years. The people who lived in the colonies were called colonists.
In 1492, Christopher Columbus, an Italian explorer and excellent sailor, crossed the Atlantic Ocean in search of a shorter trade route to Asia. After more than two months at sea, he landed in the Bahamas in the Caribbean islands. Although Columbus never reached the mainland of North America, he had discovered the gateway to a vast continent unexplored by Europeans. Columbus returned to Europe believing he had reached previously unknown islands in Asia. Word of the new route spread in Europe. Over the next few decades, other explorers followed in Columbus’s wake, hoping to take advantage of the shortcut to Asia. A drawing from 1859 depicts the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus landing in America in 1492.
The Young People’s Standard History of the United States, depicts the day Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World. Ives print from 1846 shows Christopher Columbus landing in the New World in 1492. European nations—including Spain, France, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, and England—vied to claim pieces of the new land. In the 1600s, England founded colonies along the Atlantic seaboard, from what is now New Hampshire to Georgia. These original 13 colonies would eventually become the United States of America. A colored engraving from the 19th century depicts the English settlers building the Jamestown colony. In 1607, England sent 100 men to America to found a new colony.
The colony was named Jamestown after King James I and was located on the coast of what is now Virginia. It would become the first English colony to succeed in America, but its beginning was exceptionally difficult. The colonists were hoping to find gold easily, but didn’t. And tragically, they hadn’t anticipated how hard it would be to survive in the New World.
A colored engraving from the 19th century shows the settlement at Jamestown. Africans first arrived in North America in 1619. In that year, 20 African people were brought to the Jamestown colony aboard a Dutch warship. They had been taken from their homes in Africa by force.
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They were beaten and enchained by men carrying weapons. Over the next almost 200 years, hundreds of thousands of Africans would be brought to America as slaves to work on plantations, especially to grow tobacco. Slaves being brought to Jamestown in 1619 are unloaded from a Dutch man-of-war, a type of ship. A 19th-century woodcut depicts the beginning of the slave trade. In 1619, a group of 20 individuals were sold as slaves to Jamestown settlers.
Some colonies were formed because people wanted to escape religious persecution in Europe. In 17th century England, two groups of Christians, the Catholics and the Anglicans, were arguing over what religion and church should be the true church of England. Some of the Anglicans, called Puritans, thought that there should be more distinction between their Church of England and the Catholic Church. After the Pilgrims, many more people flocked to the new colonies for religious reasons: About 200,000 Puritans emigrated from England during the years 1620 to 1641. A rendering of the pilgrims’ first washing day on November 23, 1620. Ives shows a Native American man watching the pilgrims from the woods as they begin to land at Plymouth in 1620.