Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a how Much Money Does Palestine Receive. This article may be unbalanced towards certain viewpoints. UNRWA fields of operation map 2015. It also provided relief to Jewish and Arab Palestine refugees inside the state of Israel following the 1948 conflict until the Israeli government took over responsibility for Jewish refugees in 1952.
UNRWA is the only UN agency dedicated to helping refugees from a specific region or conflict and is separate from UNHCR. Formed in 1950, UNHCR is the main UN refugee agency, which is responsible for aiding other refugees all over the world. UNRWA has had to develop a working definition of “refugee” to allow it to provide humanitarian assistance. Its definition does not cover final status. Palestine refugees are defined as “persons whose regular place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948, and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict.
UNRWA services are available to all those living in its area of operations who meet this definition, who are registered with the Agency, and who need assistance. The descendants of Palestine refugee males, including adopted children, are also eligible for registration as refugees. When the Agency began operations in 1950, it was responding to the needs of about 750,000 Palestine refugees. Today, some 5 million Palestine refugees are registered as eligible for UNRWA services. UNRWA provides facilities in 59 recognized refugee camps in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip, and in other areas where large numbers of registered Palestine refugees live outside of recognized camps.
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For a camp to be recognized by UNRWA, there must be an agreement between the host government and UNRWA governing use of the camp. UNRWA’s headquarters are divided between the Gaza Strip and Amman. Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, West Bank, and Gaza. UNRWA’s Commissioner-General is the Swiss Pierre Krähenbühl, who succeeded Italian national Filippo Grandi on 30 March 2014. 8 December 1949, created an Advisory Commission tasked with advising and assisting the Commissioner-General of UNRWA in carrying out the Agency’s mandate. It is not a governing body as many other UN Agencies maintain, but serves in a purely advisory capacity. Membership in the Advisory Commission is obtained through resolution of the UN General Assembly.
Advisory Commission, and 24 countries who are major supporters sit on the Commission. Most of UNRWA’s funding comes from European countries and the United States. Officials in 2009 spoke of a ‘dire financial crisis’. 294 million was contributed by the United States.
350 million in 2017, but has cut around one third of its contributions for 2018. 65 million, roughly half the amount due in the month, again creating a financial crisis for UNRWA. This article needs additional citations for verification. Services provided by UNRWA include health care, education, relief, and social services and micro-credit loan programmes. In the following, UNRWA’s own descriptions of itself are summarized. UNRWA operates one of the largest school systems in the Middle East. It has been the main provider of basic education to Palestinian refugee children since 1950.
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Half the Palestine refugee population is under 25. Overcrowded classrooms containing 40 or even 50 pupils are common. Almost three quarters run on a double-shift system, where two separate groups of pupils and teachers share the same buildings, thus reducing teaching time. The school year is often interrupted by conflicts and children are often marked by trauma. UNRWA also operates nine vocational and technical training colleges, two educational science faculties, and two teacher-training institutes.